Sunday, June 2, 2013

King Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun was a little known 18th Dynasty before his tomb king was discovered in the Valley of the Kings (KV 62) in November 1922. Its exact place in the sequence of the "Amarna kings" was uncertain, but we now know that he was the son of Akhenaten by his secondary wives probably Kiya, and he was raised in Amarna probably in Northern Palace. His name was omitted from the list of kings at Abydos and Karnak, the jump list of Amenhotep III to Horemheb.

There were several items found in the tomb of his life to the Aten court, including the disc of the Aten show, he and his younger Ankhesenpaaten woman's view of the back of his pictorial golden throne inlaid protection.

Towards the end of Akhenaten's reign prominent members of the court, especially Ay and Horemheb, probably realized that things could not continue as they were. Akhenaten had changed religion in one God Ra of the previous Amon religion that worshiped many gods and there was a lot of dissension among the priests. Smenkhkare, brother or son of Akhenaten, and co-regent, probably came to the same conclusions as he left and returned to the old capital, Memphis.

Shortly after the death of Akhenaten, aged about nine years, Tutankhamun was crowned in Memphis. His close relatives, his mother, his stepmother Nefertiti and older half-sister were all dead. He was probably under the care and direction of Ay, the official, and Horemheb, the military. The wife of Tutankhamun, Ankhesenpaaten was apparently older than her because she was already in childbearing age, supposedly having a girl by her father, Akhenaten.

Once Tutanhhamun was installed as king a move was made back to the old religion. This was particularly noticeable in the two years when the king and queen have already changed the-aten at the end of their names Amon.

Tutankhamun probably had little to do with this or other decisions as his advisers were those who hold the reins and manipulate the decisions of the young king. Records show the relocation of the old religion of Amun and the reopening and rebuilding of temples. A large number of reliefs and statues have been identified as belonging to the original Tutankhamun, because although the inscriptions were changed by Horemheb, the characteristics of the boy king are clearly recognizable.

Extensive building works were made at Karnak and Luxor in the name of Tutankhamun, but were all supported by Horemheb. Few events other than return to Thebes and return to the religion of Amon were documented reign of Tutankhamen.

Tutankhamun's tomb reflect scenes suggesting campaigns were launched against the Nubians and Syrians, however, is doubtful that he actually participated in these campaigns probably led by Horemheb's military commander.

Tutankhamun died young, probably in his ninth year of his reign. This is evidenced by a forensic analysis of his mother who put his age at about 17. Second, joints bribes found in his tomb record the type of wine, the vineyard, the name of the chief winemaker and year of the king's reign when they were made. The highest recorded date is the 9th year, suggesting that Tutankhamun died this year.

There is no positive evidence on Tutankhamun's mummy like how he died, he did not die of consumption than previously thought. Autopsies and X-ray found a small piece of bone from the skull above, may be the result of a sudden, but if you have an accident or murder can not be determined.

Where Tutankhamun's tomb was found was much too small for a royal burial, and most likely a tomb for Ay granted by a royal grant in recognition of his services over the years. As Tutankhamun died suddenly and that the tomb was almost ready, he was assigned and the burial chamber decorated immediately. Tutankhamun's tomb seems to be intended that found by Giovanni Belzoni in 1816 at the end of the Valley of the Kings (KV 23) and later used by Ay.

The magnificent treasures of the tomb are shown in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. One can only imagine the wonderful treasures that are found should the tomb of a long-reigning king was discovered when so found in the tomb of the boy king.

April Betts CHA - I am an owner of AZ Tours and Action Travel with my partner Khaled Azzam. We travel and tour specialists. I've been in the travel business for over 30 years and specializes in customized tours for any destination and Khaled is specialized in trips to Egypt Egyptologist.

AZ Tours is our online agency offers one on one personalized travel services and tours worldwide. Action Travel is the agency Retail in Richmond, BC, Canada with business travel and entertainment for any destination.

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