Sunday, June 23, 2013

Queen Hatshepsut - Egypt's Queen Who Would Be King

Thutmose II married Queen Hatshepsut, who was his half-sister. As the new queen has started building his royal tomb in a remote area called Wadi El-Sikkat Taka Zeida on the west bank of Thebes (Luxor). She had a quartzite sarcophagus inscribed with a prayer to the goddess Nut. This tomb was abandoned before the tree landfill could be completed.
Queen Hatshepsut was a Neferure daughter, but no son. Thutmose II reigned for 13 years and when he died of a son born Lady Isis his royal harem was crowned king. Since he was a child and his mother was not considered royalty asked Queen Hatshepsut to rule in the name of his step-son. Queen Hatshepsut allowed the young king to govern all activities. For the seventh year of his reign, Queen Hatshepsut acted as and was crowned king, and new titles were engraved on monuments.
Thutmose III was not forgotten, it was recognized as a co-leader and royal years, we counted from his accession to the throne. There was no doubt that Queen Hatshepsut was the dominant king of Egypt, but towards the end of his life Thutmose III acquired equal status.
Queen Hatshepsut against tradition has ordered a pair of obelisks stand in front of the door of the temple of Karnak. Difficult to cut, transport and erect obelisks are tall, thin trees, conical stone hard with tops shaped like a pyramid, covered with gold leaf. They shone in the sun and should represent the first rays of light shining on the world as it was created.
The journey of Queen Hatshepsut to the king can be seen in a series of images. A monument in the Berlin Museum shows the royal family, shortly before the death of Thutmose II. The red chapel in Karnak shows Queen Hatshepsut and Thutmose III standing together. Both seem identical with male body, wearing kilt and blue crown, both carrying a staff and an ankh. Their cartridges show Thutmose standing behind the Queen in the subordinate position.
There is no explanation why Queen Hatshepsut took the role of the king we can only assume that the crisis occurred requiring an adult king and he seems to have been no opposition to taking on the role. It provides some justification and claims to be entitled to the throne because she was the heir expected revered Thutmose I and also the daughter of the god Amun. According to a series of images in his mortuary temple, the god Amon fell in love with his mother and has chosen to wear her daughter Queen Hatshepsut. In an oracle revealed to Queen Hatshepsut Amun apparently proclaimed his daughter king of Egypt.
As Queen Hatshepsut, she was portrayed as a normal woman, thin, pale and passive. Like a king that she needed to find an image that would reinforce his new position while distancing themselves from his role as queen. It has evolved into an all-male King, with the body of a man, clothing for men, men's accessories and acts male rituals. It seems that the appearance of a king had more sex.
Queen Hatshepsut was careful to behave like a conventional king of Egypt at his coronation. A queen was then required to fill the female role of the monarchy and she turned to her daughter Neferure act as queen. Royal children of Egypt are normally hidden in their nurseries throughout their childhood and Neferure is no exception, but after Neferure crowning his mother began to play the role of the queen. Scenes on the walls of the red chapel in Karnak show Neferure as an adult woman. It disappears at the end of the reign of his mother. The assumption is that she died and was buried in a tomb near one built for his mother.
Gradually, the queen Hatshepsut advisers resumed, many were men of humble birth Senenmut. She made these self-made men had an interest in maintaining it on the throne because if she fell, they fell with it. Senenmut, tutor Princess Neferure quickly climbed the ranks sparks speculation about the nature of their relationship. Were they lovers? They certainly never married. The fact that he carved his image in the mortuary temple of Queen and his tomb encroaching on his tomb deduce a close relationship between them, as he would not dare do it without his permission.
As king, it launched an assault on the chaos. Foreigners were subdued, the monuments of their ancestors have been restored, and the whole of Egypt have plans to build temples. She turned to commercial missions Lebanon for wood, increasing work turquoise and copper mines in the Sinai and a successful trade mission to Punt. The land of Punt, whose location is now lost, had many exotic treasures, precious resins, unusual animals, ebony, ivory and gold. Reliefs in the mortuary temple of Queen suggest Punt could be along the coast of Eritrea / Ethiopia.
The most beautiful building, she ordered was a mortuary temple to herself, near the tomb of Mentuhotep II in the Bay of Deir el-Bahari. It was a multi-functional temple with a series of shrines and chapels dedicated to various gods. The main sanctuary was dedicated to God father of Queen Hatshepsut the god Amun. His tomb was to be in the Valley of the Kings, the traditional cemetery of the kings of Egypt. It has expanded his fathers tomb (KV 20) until it becomes the longest and deepest tomb in the Valley. His old tomb originally launched in Wadi el-Sikkat Taka Zeida was abandoned.
A stele shows that Queen Hatshepsut died in the 22nd year of his reign the 10th day of the sixth month. Thutmose III was then free to commit to 33 years of rule very successful solo. The sarcophagus of Queen Hatshepsut with a canopic chest, and a few fragments of his furniture were found, but his body had disappeared. There are several unidentified female mummies of the New Kingdom, which may or may not be Queen Hatshepsut.
Towards the end of the reign of Thutmose III tried to remove Hatshepsut from historical data. His cartridges and images were chiseled away and she was removed from the official story today showed no co-regency of Thutmose II Thutmose III. At Deir El-Bahari Temple statues were demolished and broken or disfigured and buried in a pit. At Karnak an attempt was made to wall her obelisks.
By erasing his name disappeared from the records of Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt. However, in the late 19th century, it was restored to its rightful place as a female king.
April Betts CHA - I am an owner of AZ Tours and Action Travel with my partner Khaled Azzam. We travel and tour specialists. I've been in the travel business for over 30 years and specializes in customized tours for any destination and Khaled is specialized in trips to Egypt Egyptologist.
AZ Tours is our online agency offers one on one personalized travel services and tours worldwide. Action Travel is the agency Retail in Richmond, BC, Canada with business travel and entertainment for any destination.

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