Saturday, June 1, 2013

Muhammad Ali Mosque

Completed in 1848, the Ottoman style mosque Ali Muhammad or Alabaster Mosque is the most noticeable in all of Cairo, for over 150 years, it has dominated the horizon.


When power Aliassumed Ottoman Muhammad "Cairo in the 1800s, he had all the Mamluk buildings of the Citadel razed and completely rebuilt complex.

Today's appearance of the Citadel is the vision of Muhammad Ali, including the mosque that bears his name. It was built between 1824 and 1848, the domes had to be rebuilt in the 1930s.

What to see

Ottoman law prohibits anyone but the sultan to build a mosque with a minaret more, but this mosque has two minarets. It was one of the first signs of Muhammad Ali that he did not intend to remain subject to Istanbul.

The mosque is in the classic Turkish style reflects its Ottoman origins. The cascading domes, the slender minarets, constellation globe lamps suspended ceiling richly decorated and spacious interiors all remember the great mosques of Istanbul.

The interior also reflects some French rococo influences, and ends with lines adorned with red, green and gold. There is a gold and two scalloped mihrab minbar (pulpit): an alabaster face and the other, exceptionally, in the Art Nouveau style.

Muhammad Ali is buried under a white marble monument on the right of the entrance behind a fence of bronze.

In the courtyard is an ornate clock given by Louis Philippe in exchange for the obelisk that stands in the Place de la Concorde in Paris. It has never worked.

Also in the courtyard is a baroque Turkish ablutions fountain, which The Rough Guide to Egypt described as "like a giant Easter egg."

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